How Does Encephalitis Affect The Nervous System?

How does encephalitis affect the body?

Encephalitis is inflammation of the active tissues of the brain caused by an infection or an autoimmune response.

The inflammation causes the brain to swell, which can lead to headache, stiff neck, sensitivity to light, mental confusion and seizures..

What infections affect the nervous system?

The most common neurological infections are: Encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain, which can be caused by either bacteria or virus….Other neurological infections include:Fungal infections.Parasitic infections.Prion diseases.Bacterial infections such as Lyme disease, tuberculosis, syphilis.Brain abscess.

What are the long term effects of encephalitis?

Some people experience longer-term effects of encephalitis. Longer-term symptoms can include physical problems, memory problems, personality changes, speech problems, and epilepsy.

Can viruses affect your brain?

Encephalitis is most commonly due to viruses, such as herpes simplex, herpes zoster, cytomegalovirus, or West Nile virus. It can occur in the following ways: A virus directly infects the brain. A virus that caused an infection in the past becomes reactivated and directly damages the brain.

Can you fully recover from encephalitis?

Many people who have encephalitis fully recover. The most appropriate treatment and the patient’s chance of recovery depend on the virus involved and the severity of the inflammation. In acute encephalitis, the infection directly affects the brain cells.

What is the survival rate of encephalitis?

Some forms of encephalitis are more severe than others. For example, herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) has a mortality rate of up to 30% even with specific anti-viral treatment, and 70-80% without the treatment. When death happens it is usually because of the brain swelling as a result of its severe inflammation.