Quick Answer: Is Rett Syndrome An Intellectual Disability?

What kind of medical assistance is needed for Rett syndrome?

There is no cure for Rett syndrome.

Treatment for the disorder is symptomatic — focusing on the management of symptoms — and supportive, requiring a multidisciplinary approach.

Medication may be needed for breathing irregularities and motor difficulties, and anticonvulsant drugs may be used to control seizures..

What limitations does a person with Rett syndrome have?

Rett syndrome is a progressive neurodevelopmental disorder that affects a child’s brain development and cognitive ability. Over time, it can cause severe problems with language and communication, lack of coordination and muscle control, involuntary hand movements, and slowed growth.

How old is the oldest person with Rett syndrome?

Coenraads said girls with Rett syndrome typically live to adulthood and middle age, and the oldest person she knew of who had Rett died at 77.

Is Rett syndrome progressive?

Rett syndrome is a progressive neurodevelopmental disorder that almost exclusively affects females.

How does Rett syndrome affect a person’s life?

Rett syndrome is a severe condition of the nervous system. It is almost only seen in females, and affects all body movement. Rett syndrome may cause speech problems (such as inability to learn to speak, or loss of speech), difficulty walking or loss of the ability to walk, and loss of purposeful hand use.

What is the life expectancy of a girl with Rett syndrome?

Life expectancies are not well studied, although survival at least until the mid-20s is likely. The average life expectancy for girls may be mid-40s. Death is often related to seizure, aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, and accidents.

Does Rett syndrome affect intelligence?

One in 10,000 females suffers from Rett Syndrome, leaving them aware and alert but often without the ability to express themselves in any way. Without the ability to communicate through speech or hand movement, Rett Syndrome patients have not been able to demonstrate their intellectual abilities.

Is Rett syndrome a learning disability?

Those affected by Rett syndrome can have multiple physical and learning disabilities, and are reliant on others for support throughout their lives. The disorder can in most cases be confirmed through genetic tests, and also by clinical diagnosis looking for signs and behaviours.

How does a person get Rett syndrome?

What causes Rett syndrome? Almost all cases of Rett syndrome are caused by a mutation (a change in the DNA) in the MECP2 gene, which is found on the X chromosome (one of the sex chromosomes). The MECP2 gene contains instructions for producing a particular protein (MeCP2), which is needed for brain development.

Does Rett syndrome run in families?

Rett syndrome rarely runs in families, as affected individuals do not reproduce. About 95 percent of cases are caused by new mutations in the gene encoding MECP2 protein.

How can I help someone with Rett syndrome?

Treatments that can help children and adults with Rett syndrome include:Regular medical care. Management of symptoms and health problems may require a multispecialty team. … Medications. … Physical therapy. … Occupational therapy. … Speech-language therapy. … Nutritional support. … Behavioral intervention. … Support services.

Is Rett syndrome a form of autism?

It is categorized as an autism spectrum disorder, but, unlike most forms of autism, Rett syndrome has a clear-cut cause—a mutation in a protein known as MeCP2.