How do you test for Bloom syndrome?
The diagnosis of Bloom syndrome (congenital telangiectatic erythema) can be confirmed or excluded by a laboratory test known as a chromosome study; blood and skin cells show a characteristic pattern of chromosome breakage and rearrangement..
What does the BLM gene do?
The BLM gene provides instructions for making a member of a protein family called RecQ helicases. Helicases are enzymes that attach (bind) to DNA and unwind the two spiral strands (double helix) of the DNA molecule.
What does Bloom syndrome look like?
Bloom syndrome (BSyn) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature; a sun-sensitive, red rash that occurs primarily over the nose and cheeks; mild immune deficiency with increased susceptibility to infections; insulin resistance that resembles type 2 diabetes; and most importantly, a markedly increased …
Why do Ashkenazi have genetic diseases?
Researchers think Ashkenazi genetic diseases arise because of the common ancestry many Jews share. While people from any ethnic group can develop genetic diseases, Ashkenazi Jews are at higher risk for certain diseases because of specific gene mutations.
What causes Bloom’s syndrome?
Bloom syndrome is an inherited disease that causes a person’s chromosomes to break and rearrange frequently. Bloom syndrome is caused by mutations in the BLM gene. The chromosome instability seen in patients with Bloom syndrome causes high rates of cancer beginning in childhood or early adulthood.
How is Bloom syndrome treated?
Although there is currently no treatment aimed at the underlying genetic abnormality, persons with Bloom’s syndrome benefit from sun protection, aggressive treatment of infections, surveillance for insulin resistance, and early identification of cancer.