What Are The Top 3 Communicable Diseases?

What are the most common communicable diseases?

AIDS and HIV.Viral Hepatitis.Infectious Disease.Influenza.Measles, Mumps, and Rubella.Pneumonia.Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)Chronic Sinusitis.More items….

What are the 5 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases2019-nCoV.CRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.More items…

What are the classification of communicable diseases?

Based on the mode of transmission of the infectious agent, communicable diseases can be classified as: Waterborne diseases: transmitted by ingestion of contaminated water. Foodborne diseases: transmitted by the ingestion of contaminated food. Airborne diseases: transmitted through the air.

Why NCD are growing?

NCDs account for 63% of deaths in all countries, rich and poor, and their prevalence is growing fastest in low and middle-income countries. Social factors such as urbanization, rising incomes, changes in diet and lifestyle and improved life expectancy have all contributed to an increased incidence of NCDs.

What are the main agents of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases are caused by infectious agents that can be transmitted to susceptible individuals from an infected person, or from other animals, objects or the environment. Infectious agents include helminths, protozoa, bacteria, viruses and fungi.

What are 3 communicable diseases?

Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

What are the 10 communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What are the top 3 non communicable diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

What are 3 causes of non communicable diseases?

Four main NCDs and their common risk factors. The four leading NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes) share four risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

How do you prevent NCDs?

Tools by targetsTarget 1: Reduce mortality from NCDs.Target 2: Reduce harmful use of alcohol.Target 3: Reduce prevalence of physical inactivity.Target 4: Reduce salt intake.Target 5: Reduce tobacco use.Target 6: Reduce prevalence of raised blood pressure.Target 7: Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity.More items…

What are the four ways of controlling communicable diseases?

Learn these healthy habits to protect yourself from disease and prevent germs and infectious diseases from spreading.Handle & Prepare Food Safely. … Wash Hands Often. … Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … Cough & Sneeze Into Your Sleeve. … Don’t Share Personal Items. … Get Vaccinated. … Avoid Touching Wild Animals.More items…

Which communicable diseases are most difficult to block the spread of?

In some diseases, such as leprosy, HIV, or typhoid, it may be very difficult to prevent transmission, because people may be asymptomatic carriers who are themselves unaware that they are infected and infectious to others. No methods are available to prevent infection with M.

Is Ebola a communicable disease?

Ebola is contagious. The virus spreads through direct contact (via broken skin or mucous membranes, in the nose, mouth, or eyes). Blood or body fluids from infected individuals are capable of causing infection in others. Examples of body fluids include urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast milk, and semen.