Which Disease Presents The Highest Risk To Dental Personnel?

What is the major source of microorganisms in the dental office?

In a dental office, main infection sources are patient saliva, blood, and other fluids presenting themselves during dental treatment.

In patients, one of the major sources of microorganisms is the dental plaque in supragingival and the periodontal pocket..

How do dentists deal with cross infection?

Cross-Infection ControlWasher and chemical disinfector. Washer and chemical disinfectors are sophisticated medical devices used to clean the instrument prior to the use of the autoclave.Autoclaves. Autoclaves are by far the most effective way of killing germs. … Chemical Disinfection. … Gloves and Masks.

Does Hep C affect teeth?

Dental Complications People with hepatitis C are prone to tooth decay, suffer loss of self-esteem due to poor oral aesthetics and have difficulty with diet due to poor oral health, all leading to a compromised quality of life.

How does hepatitis make you feel?

You might just feel like you have the flu — weak, tired, and sick to your stomach. These symptoms are common for many types of hepatitis: Fever. Loss of appetite.

Why is tetanus called lockjaw?

People often call tetanus “lockjaw” because one of the most common signs of this infection is tightening of the jaw muscles. Tetanus infection can lead to serious health problems, including being unable to open the mouth and having trouble swallowing and breathing.

How do I know if I need a tetanus shot?

You will need a tetanus shot if:Your wound was caused by something that was clean and your last tetanus shot was longer than 10 years ago.Your wound was caused by something that was dirty and your last tetanus shot was longer than 5 years ago.More items…

What are standard precautions in dentistry and what is CDC in dental?

Standard precautions include use of PPE (e.g., gloves, masks, protective eyewear or face shield, and gowns) intended to prevent skin and mucous membrane exposures. Other protective equipment (e.g., finger guards while suturing) might also reduce injuries during dental procedures (104).

What three components are needed to spread infection?

Three things are necessary for an infection to occur:Source: Places where infectious agents (germs) live (e.g., sinks, surfaces, human skin)Susceptible Person with a way for germs to enter the body.Transmission: a way germs are moved to the susceptible persont.

Is the state of being free from germs?

required to protect against airborne transmission of infectious agents. is the state of being free from disease-causing contaminants (such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites) or, preventing contact with microorganisms. … Any microorganism that can cause a disease such as a bacterium, virus, parasite, or fungus.

What are the chances of getting a disease from a needlestick?

Your chances of catching a disease from a single needle stick are usually very low. About 1 out of 300 health care workers accidentally stuck with a needle from someone with HIV get infected. But for hepatitis B, the odds can be as high as nearly 1 in 3 if the worker hasn’t been vaccinated for it.

Which viruses attack the liver?

Viruses that primarily attack the liver are called hepatitis viruses. There are several types of hepatitis viruses including types A, B, C, D, E, and possibly G. Types A, B, and C are the most common. All hepatitis viruses can cause acute hepatitis. Viral hepatitis types B and C can cause chronic hepatitis.

Can you get hepatitis from the dentist?

Dental health care professionals are at risk for acquiring or transmitting hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella and varicella. All these diseases are vaccine-preventable.

How can dental clinic control infection?

Non-disposable items like the dental tools are cleaned and sterilized between patients. Disposable dental tools and needles are never reused. Infection control precautions also require all dental staff involved in patient care to use appropriate protective equipment such as gloves, masks, gowns and eyewear when needed.

Do I have to tell my dentist I have hep C?

You do not have to tell your dentist that you have hepatitis C. However, as they may come into contact with your blood it may be a good idea to let them know.

What is it called when an object is free of disease causing organisms?

Sterile/sterility: state of being free from all living microorganisms. In practice, usually described as a probability function, (e.g., the probability of a surviving microorganism being 1 in 1,000,000).

How do you disinfect a dental chair?

Wipe the smooth surfaces with a paper towel and the irregular surfaces with a clean hand brush or denture brush. 2. Disinfect all surfaces by liberally spraying them with Cavicide disinfectant. Avoid aiming the spray directly at any control switches on the chair or light as a short circuit may result.

How do you sterilize a dental clinic?

Sterilization is achieved by steam under pressure (autoclaving), dry heat, or heat/chemical vapour. Critical instruments include forceps, scalpels, bone chisels, scalers and surgical burs.

What type of disease transmission is most common in dental offices?

One micro-organism of which transmission has been established in an oral surgery practice is hepatitis C virus (HCV). Molecular typing methods have been used to study the possible transmission of HCV in over 4000 patients after they visited a dental office [29, 30].

Which virus is the most likely to cause an infection in a healthcare worker following exposure to blood from an individual infected with the virus?

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are three of the most common bloodborne pathogens from which health care workers are at risk. However, bloodborne pathogens are implicated in the transmissions of more than 20 other pathogens (Beltrami et al 2000 ).

Which of the following diseases is commonly known as lockjaw?

Tetanus, commonly called lockjaw, is a serious bacterial disease that affects muscles and nerves. It is characterized by muscle stiffness that usually involves the jaw and neck that then progresses to involve other parts of the body.

Is lockjaw caused by stress?

Too much tension on your jaw can even lead to lockjaw, a condition in which muscle spasms prevent you from opening your mouth very wide.